If you are looking at a particular sermon and it is removed it is because it has been updated.

For example Year C 2010 is being replaced week by week with Year C 2013, and so on.

Saturday, 27 August 2016

22nd Sunday Year C 2016

22nd. Sunday, Year C
(Sirach 3:17-20, 28-29; Hebrews 12:18-19, 22-24; Luke 14:1, 7-14)

Our reading from the book of Sirach was only short but replete with human awareness and divine wisdom, and the opening lines struck me immediately:
My child, conduct your affairs with humility, and you will be loved more than a giver of gifts.
I find those words to be both beautiful and humbling, but they are words to be ‘tasted’ and delighted in when alone and at peace.
Now, it could well have been the case that not a few of the guests at the table of our Gospel’s leading Pharisee knew those words, in the sense that they were aware of them and had read them in their private reading or Scriptural studies, for these guests seem to have been invited for one main purpose, that they – regional/local fellow-Pharisees of the host -- might have an opportunity to meet the increasingly well-known ‘rabbi’, Jesus of Nazareth.  That is why, I believe, we are told:
On a sabbath, Jesus went to dine at the home of one of the leading Pharisees, and the people there were observing Him carefully. 
The point is, however, that they are not words that will often be remembered and acted upon in lives engaged in the daily hurly-burly for prestige and position, and that is why Jesus, in His chosen parable, did not use any such words of human wisdom but developed words of divine wisdom wrapped in the aphorism immediately following:
                Humble yourself the more, the greater you are, and you will find favour with God.
Although St. Luke only tells us that ‘the people’ were observing Jesus closely, there can be no doubt that the ‘leading Pharisee’ himself was also carefully watching Jesus not only to see whether his dinner was proving a success but most especially to see how his guests were ‘finding’ Jesus, relating with or reacting to Him.
Above all, Jesus Himself was also carefully observing His fellow guests for the Gospel says:
Noticing how they were choosing the places of honour at the table, Jesus told a parable for those who had been invited.
The situation is reminiscent of Jesus’ meeting with the synagogue worshippers in His home town of Nazareth.  All are watching and waiting for Him to say something, and Jesus Himself knows just why He has been invited; and having accepted the invitation He intends to go along with His hosts’ hopes and expectations for the outcome of the dinner.
What a drama, where divine wisdom is to be packaged in words of human cunning and self-promotion!
When you are invited by someone to a wedding banquet, do not recline at table in the place of honour.  A more distinguished guest than you may have been invited by him, and the host may approach you and say, ‘Give your place to this man.’
Jesus pictures a wedding banquet, a most important occasion in Jewish society where marriage was considered both as personal fulfilment and ‘national service’, a time for dresses and dignitaries, for boasting and gifts.   On such occasions the still small voice of humility and modesty would be quite inaudible even for Jews better educated in such matters than any pagans around: the ever popular wisdom of self-seekers, ‘if one does not take the best place available for oneself, someone else will certainly come along and seize it to promote their own prospects; an immediate decision is needed otherwise the moment will be lost!’   Such an urgent and imperious consideration would rarely fail to convince even those allowing themselves an instant to consider the situation.
This picturing of a wedding banquet would have lulled any suspicions of Jesus’ table companions that they themselves were being ‘got at’.  They all knew the ‘goings-on’ at such banquets on such occasions: mother of the daughter and bride-to-be, and mother of the son and husband-to-be, facing up to each other in so many secret little ways, words, and mannerisms.  Two fathers carefully and anxiously (?) considering the financial costs involved.  And then the relatives and friends of both parties all waiting to seize their own choice patch to enjoy and observe the celebrations.
Now, all the guests with Jesus at this smaller and less colourful banquet would have understood the elbowing and whispering secretly going on among those specially invited to such a wedding and they could well have been rather amused at their own recollections of such occasions.  But they would also have been able to share quite emotionally with the one being asked on the one hand, to ‘Give you place to another man’, or, on the other hand, with him who was asked to ‘move up to a higher position’, and so Jesus’ parable would, I think, have most certainly stirred their attention to the extent that they were prepared to realize with mind and heart what was to come.
And so, at the summit of that peaceful and absorbing general appreciation of human nature in its amusing, selfish and suffering aspects, Jesus added words that, for Jews with their background and training, suddenly become intensely personal and serious, indeed, having divine implications:
                Everyone who exalts himself will be humbled.
Humbled that is, by God , as no Pharisee or educated Jew would fail to understand.
Now indeed the rabbi from Nazareth was showing Himself to be such as they had heard Him spoken of:
Teacher, we know that what you say and teach is correct, and you show no partiality, but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth!  (Luke 20:21)

Notice Jesus’ method, dear People of God.  He shows His listeners first of all, both calmly and without blame, that He knows them and theirs: the wedding banquet served to amusingly highlight conduct they could recognize so easily in others but which seemed so far away from their own serious gathering here and now at the home of one of their leading associates.  Jesus Personally observes, the Word of God condemns; Jesus does not in any way approve but Personally He refrains from condemnation and gives what those around had secretly come to hear (with fearful expectation?) from Him, that is, the Word of God:

Everyone who exalts himself will be humbled!  But the one who humbles himself will be exalted.

The Word of God indeed, presented by the Lord Himself, without any apology for considering it appropriate for those presently gathered with Him as guests at their host’s table: the warning is necessarily first, the promise is second now, but ever possible.

Jesus next turned His attention to His host whom He had also been carefully observing.

When you hold a lunch or a dinner do not invite your friends or brothers, or your relatives or wealthy neighbours, in case they invite you back; rather invite the poor, the crippled, the blind.  Blessed indeed will you be because of their inability to repay you, for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous.

Jesus, I suggest, appreciated His host, and He was aware that the present banquet he had convened had been incumbent on him because of his prominence as a leading Pharisee and because (?) he was known to have some appreciation of the ‘untaught’ rabbi’s familiarity with and understanding of the Scriptures.  There was no warning given to him by Jesus, rather, Jesus bestowed on him sure teaching about the resurrection of the righteous that was Personal, over and above, the Scriptures known by the Pharisee, for as yet the Jews had not come to any consensus, let alone unanimity, about the right understanding of possible ‘resurrection’ passages of Scripture.   This statement of Jesus’ Personal divine wisdom was a bounteous reward for His host’s present understanding and spur for his future aspirations:

            (Do this and) You will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous.

Dear People of God, we hear too often today those words, ‘Who am I to judge?’  Too often today the Word of God is held and hidden out of personal fear and embarrassment and false respect for other peoples’ feelings.  Notice again Jesus’ own behaviour and remember that we are all members of a priestly people where some of us are also priests of Mother Church; all of us, however, have varying obligations and callings to proclaim the Word of God to the world in the name of Jesus.   Jesus, as you have seen, Personally observed the situation in which He found Himself as Son sent by His Father, and He dutifully proclaimed the appropriate Word of God for that situation without fear.  The Word of God condemned, judged, those who recognized themselves as targeted by those words. 

Priests in the Church and in the name of the Church, the priestly, catholic, People of God, by the authority and obligation incumbent on them in their homes, workplaces, friendships and leisure times, are called to proclaim without fear the appropriate and necessary Word of God, in the power and virtue of the Holy Spirit.  It is God Himself -- of His infinite wisdom, goodness and mercy -- Who condemns by the Word of His mouth those who choose to ignore His Wisdom and defy His Goodness.

Friday, 19 August 2016

21st Sunday of the Year (C) 2016

            21st. Sunday of Year (C)          
 (Isaiah 66:18-21; Hebrews 12:5-7, 11-13; Luke 13:22-30)

Someone asked Jesus, “Lord, will only a few people be saved?" He answered, “Strive to enter through the narrow door, for many, I tell you, will attempt to enter but will not be able (will not be strong enough)”
Notice first of all the question: ‘Lord, will only a few people be saved?’  That phrasing of the question really means, ‘does God save only a few?’, and that, I say, is a typically human, and indeed very modern, way of phrasing an insincere question, in that it subtly implies that any blame for human failure to find salvation is surely to be laid at God’s door, so to speak.
Jesus often refused to answer questions as desired because frequently they were put not simply to learn the truth but rather to help in the justification of the questioner: simplicity and love of truth have never been frequently-encountered human virtues.   And so here, Jesus responds not to those potentially self-justifying words but to the real situation and needs of the questioner; He responds as the only One Who truly loves God and whole-heartedly seeks to do His will; He responds as the only-begotten, uniquely beloved, Son of the Father:
Strive to enter through the narrow door, for many, I tell you, will attempt to enter but will not be able/strong enough.
For Jesus, the question is not whether God saves only a few, but whether men and women will come to so love what God so lovingly offers them as to make the required effort to avail themselves of it.  Many would, indeed, like to enter the kingdom of God, but they will not strive to enter through the narrow gate; rather, they will present themselves late in the day at some other point of side-entry they imagine to be more easily accessible.
Our first reading told us of God choosing people from nations of every language, while the second described what would be involved for those thus specially chosen, emphasizing above all their need of serious and even painful training. Notice particularly here, dear People of God, that the Scriptures and Catholic teaching proclaim the need, at times, for a father to discipline his sons.   This is for the good of sons when given by a true father.  In our world today, however, there are many bad ‘fathers’ who themselves are not true sons of the heavenly Father, and in such cases of modern ‘abuse’ the state now steps in and proscribes all discipline as being inappropriate, abusive, and psychologically harmful.  That ‘state teaching’ however is not Christian, not Catholic, nor is it even scientific.  Right discipline given by a true father for the good of his son is God-pleasing.  A nanny-state cannot take over from true Christian parents, nor should such parents willingly cede their own personal authority to a faceless and faithless state institution:
My son, do not disdain the discipline of the Lord or lose heart when reproved by Him; for whom the Lord loves, He disciplines; He scourges every son He acknowledges.”    Endure your trials as “discipline”; God treats you as sons. For what “son” is there whom his father does not discipline?  At the time, all discipline seems a cause not for joy but for pain, yet later it brings the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who are trained by it.
However, such is the modern, largely self-indulgent, Western society to which we belong that I can already imagine someone saying: ‘Why should we have to suffer like that, why should religion entail suffering?   The answer is given us by Jesus Himself elsewhere in the Gospel (Matthew 19:25-26):
“It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for one who is rich to enter the Kingdom of God.”  When His disciples heard this they were greatly astonished and said, "Who then can be saved?"   Jesus looked at them and said: “For human beings this is impossible, but for God all things are possible."
The reason why no man can save himself is simple enough: salvation is beyond all human powers, it is something that God alone can bring about, because it gives human beings a share in divine life, in the eternal blessedness and glory of God Himself, by making them adopted members of His family and partakers of His holiness.  This we have learned from our Christian faith and formation which teaches us what the original disciples, with their Jewish background, could not begin to understand until they had seen Jesus rise from the dead and subsequently ascend in bodily glory to heaven.  A faith that promises such heavenly glory to weak and indeed sinful human beings, if it is to be a heavenly reality and not just some ‘pie in the sky promise’, necessarily entails a training that will, inevitably, have to involve suffering in some way or other since it has to bring about in us a transformation, raising us up above our earthly limitations, and cleansing and purifying us of our inherent and long-indulged selfishness and sinfulness.  And we can glimpse something of the necessity of such training in the response given by the master in our Gospel reading to those arriving outside the house after the doors have been closed:
After the master of the house has arisen and locked the door, then will you stand outside knocking and saying, ‘Lord, open the door for us.’ He will say to you in reply, ‘I do not know where you are from.’
Only those, that is, are recognizable for salvation whose origin is known; and we are personally known in that way to the Father only if He can see Jesus, His beloved Son, in us: that is, if we, as living members of the Body of Christ, have been formed into the likeness of our Head; if we, as dutiful children of Mother Church, have been guided, by the Spirit with which she has been endowed, to follow her teaching and so to live and walk as true disciples along the way of Jesus, the one and only Lord of Salvation.  Loners are not admitted; haven’t you just heard Jesus say, ‘for human beings salvation is impossible’.  Only those showing themselves to be sincere disciples of Jesus, walking in His ways of goodness and truth, are beloved of the Father and only such disciples empowered by the sacraments of Mother Church will ultimately prove ‘strong enough to enter through the narrow door’.
Of course, all who are left outside, having no appreciation of the holiness and majesty of God, cried out in self-justification:
We ate and drank in Your company, and You taught in our streets.
They confidently proclaimed familiarity with the Master, ‘We ate and drank in your company and you taught in our streets’, but such protestations merely brought into prominence their basic contempt for Him, for they had never really payed attention to His words heard in their streets; they had never tried to appreciate His teaching in their hearts; nor had their eating and drinking in His presence ever been honest and sincere expressions of their love and longing for personal communion with Him.  Jesus’ answer is given in words of clear and deserved condemnation:
I do not know where you are from.  Depart from Me, all you evil doers.
Most people today have little respect for religion and almost no appreciation of heavenly matters: instead of the transcendent God they can imagine nothing more than a mythical, white-haired, old man sitting on a gilded throne high above; and natural charm of manner, emotional exhibitionism, and the dynamics of spiritual careerism, are the only signs they consider to be indicative of a holiness engendered by the presence of God’s Spirit of truth and life.  Consequently, it is not surprising that this parable of Jesus and the attitude of the Master of the house can cause vehement complaints of self-righteous indignation from many: ‘Why should religion, discipleship, entail suffering?’
Because self-indulgence and self-satisfaction are prevalent among men and women of all ages the same teaching was given by Jesus on many other occasions and in many other ways throughout His ministry so that there could be no possibility of it being overlooked or ignored by anyone in the slightest degree serious about serving God:

Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it.  Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it.

Whoever desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.  For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake and the gospel's will save it. (Matt. 7:13-14) (Mark 8:34-36)

So I say to you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. (Luke 11:9)
Assuredly, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 18:3)
People of God, in modern society, as we know it, positive words and actions frighten people: and so leaders of all sorts prefer to be able to avoid responsibility for difficult decisions by saying that events left them with no other option, or that they did all that was humanly possible in straightened circumstances.  Even in religious matters, leaders can feel themselves so vulnerable, so open to bitter criticism, that it is not often today that anything positive is said unless, so to speak, the direction and power of the wind and the temperature of the water have been thoroughly tested and suitably allowed for in their words and presentation of whatever they might dare to say or choose to propose.
Now Jesus had no such taste for self-preservation, no such fear of what human beings might think, say, or do, in His regard: He served only His Father’s glory and our salvation.  Therefore we privileged Catholics should take Him most seriously when He warns us:
There will be wailing and grinding of teeth, when you see yourselves cast out of the Kingdom of God, and (others) come from the east and the west, from the north and the south, and recline at table in the kingdom of God.
We should take notice even more carefully if, within that privileged Catholic society, we are in any way influential or leaders -- such as priests, teachers, and parents -- because:
Some are last who will be first, and some are first who will be last.
However, although we seriously, and perhaps at times perhaps anxiously, allow Our Lord’s words to admonish us, we must never forget our primary duty and privilege of filial confidence together with gratitude: we must always take to heart from, and place our trust in, words of comfort such as the following heard in our second reading and echoed throughout the whole of Our Blessed Lord’s life and teaching:
The Lord loves those whom He disciplines; He acknowledges every son He scourges.
To be loved by the Lord, to be accepted as His children, what a privilege!!  Surely, any passing, earthly, trials and suffering allowed by the Lord Who thus loves us in His beloved Only-Begotten Son, are to be embraced with humble confidence and firm trust by all who would be true disciples of Him Who embraced the Passion and Cross on Calvary with such enduring patience and consuming love for us. 
Son though He was, He (for us) learned obedience from what He suffered; and when He was made perfect, He became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey Him.  (Hebrews 5:8-9)
Having thus been made perfect in His own manhood on His rising in glory to join His Father in Heaven, He now awaits our purification and glorification as members of His Body; a perfection to be brought to fulfilment in us by the Spirit He has given us and the teaching He has left us in Mother Church.